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Energy: Farm Energy Efficiency Resource Center
 

As part of its Farm Energy Efficiency Program, The Minnesota Project has created the following resource center to help interested parties learn more about on farm energy efficiency. The resource center contains a collection of the most relevant information relating to on farm energy efficiency. From specific information concerning the most efficient milking pump technology, to do-it-yourself farm energy audit tools, we aspire for this database to be your one-stop location for all educational documents and technical resources concerning on farm energy efficiency.

As we continue to gather additional resources, this resource center will continue to grow. Check back often for the most up to date information. For information concerning any of the resources herein, or if you’d like your resources to be added to the database, email us.

Resource Inventory:

Click on the + signs below to toggle open and closed menu items. Click on the + signs beside the document titles to read a brief description of each document before accessing it. Alternatively, you may conduct your own specific search using our search tool:

Farm Energy Efficiency
Fact Sheets

Funding Opportunities
Lighting Efficiency
Pump and Motor Efficiency
Fan and Ventilation Efficiency
Energy Efficient Dairies

 
Dairy Farm
Case Studies
Pat Lunemann – Twin Eagle Dairy
Joe Borgerding – Borgerding Dairy
Sadie and Glen Frericks – Blue Diamond Dairy
Dave Gruenes – Stearns Electric Association
Douglas Popp – Two Rivers Dairy
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  • Technical Resources and Evaluation Tools
    • Sample Audits and Case Studies
      • Farm Audit – Aldermere Farm
        • Summary: Case study document details the electricity usages of a Maine cattle farm from 2006-2007 and areas where energy expenditure was highest and could be lowered through technology updates on the facility.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: Winter 2007
        • Author/Organization: State of Maine Energy Audit
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Farm Audit – Broad Acres Farm
        • Summary: This case study provides an audit of the Broad Acres dairy farm in Maine. The energy analysis focused on electric equipment, lighting and appliance energy efficiency. The report summarizes energy costs over a year and offers suggestions.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: 2009
        • Author/Organization: Efficiency Maine
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Farm Audit – Cooper Farms
        • Summary: Walk-through energy report and case study of Cooper Farms in Maine, whose primary crop is apples, to assess energy efficiency improvements at the location. Suggestions provided by the Efficiency Maine program.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: January 8, 2008
        • Author/Organization: Christopher Cooper
        • Tailored to Minnesota:  No
      • Farm Audit - Valley Farm
        • Summary: This case study provides an audit of Valley Farm, a traditional dairy farm in western Wisconsin, which is enrolled in the CSP program through the NRCS. The report includes the headquarters and landscape energy efficiency analysis and gives an overview of the operation, efficiency upgrades and steps already taken, and recommendations for areas in which to reduce energy consumption, reduce cost and improve efficiency. This audit was completed to meet the requirements of the CSP Program and in accordance with ANSI/ASABE S612 requirements.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: September 2011
        • Author/Organization: GDS Associates, Inc.
        • Tailored to Minnesota:  No
      • Farm Audit - Central Minnesota Dairy
        • Summary: “Central Minnesota Dairy” is a traditional dairy farm in Central MN. (The name has been changed to provide this as an example audit.) The audit was conducted as a collaboration of twenty trainees and two agriculture energy advisors taking part in a Farm Energy Audit program provided by The Minnesota Project and GDS Associates, Inc., funded by the Minnesota Department of Commerce. This report includes the headquarters and landscape energy efficiency analysis, which will be used to identify potential conservation practices to reduce the energy consumption from nonrenewable sources on site. This audit was completed to meet the requirements of the CSP Program and in accordance with ANSI/ASABE S612 requirements.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: January 2012
        • Author/Organization: GDS Associates, Inc.
        • Tailored to Minnesota:  Yes
      • Farm Audit - Grain Drying Facility
        • Summary: The farm and grain drying facility is in southwest Minnesota. This documentation provides baseline energy use data for the facility as well as the expected energy consumption with planned grain transport retrofit and added grain dryer. All savings calculations are based solely on the equipment which is affected by the efficiency upgrade. This energy audit was conducted as part of an energy auditor training series. Twenty trainees who work in agriculture or energy fields collaborated to collect and analyze energy information related to grain-drying operations. The final report was compiled and reviewed by a GDS Associates, Inc., an energy auditor firm and certified USDA Technical Service Provider.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: March 2012
        • Author/Organization: GDS Associates, Inc.
        • Tailored to Minnesota:  Yes
      • Farm Audit - Greenhouse
        • Summary: This greenhouse operation is a wholesale greenhouse in central Minnesota. The business produces annual ornamental plants, vegetables and herbs in various container sizes. The audit was conducted as a collaboration of twenty trainees and two agriculture energy advisors taking part in a Farm Energy Audit program provided by The Minnesota Project and GDS Associates, Inc., funded by the Minnesota Department of Commerce. This report includes the greenhouse energy efficiency analysis, completed in accordance with ANSI/ASABE S612 requirements.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: February 2012
        • Author/Organization: GDS Associates, Inc.
        • Tailored to Minnesota:  Yes
      • Case Study – Crave Brothers Farm
        • Summary: Crave Brothers Dairy Farm in Waterloo, Wisconsin is an example of a farm committed to energy efficiency projects for many years. The case study outlines their selection processes for new energy efficient technologies.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: 2009
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Case Study – Vacuum Pump
        • Summary: A case study on improving vacuum pump efficiency at the Graejo Trust dairy farm in New Zealand.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: June 2007
        • Author/Organization: Venture Southland/Dairy InSight
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Case Study – Water Heaters
        • Summary: Single-page document outlining water heater heat loss that occurs with this type of dairy farm technology.
        • PDF or website?  PDF
        • Published: June 2007
        • Author/Organization: Venture Southland/Dairy InSight
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Case Studies – Grain Drying
        • Summary: Solar technology for grain drying was shown by University of Maryland studies to be feasible for small- and medium-size facilities to dry grain for on-farm use. Resources for evaluating these two systems include links to key sources of information and two reports from the University of Maryland.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: 2009
        • Author/Organization: Jeff Schahczenski, Katherine Adam and Mike Morris,NCAT Agriculture Specialists
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Case Studies – Horse Farms
        • Summary: Case study shows how energy efficiency pays off for two Southeastern Wisconsin horse boarding operations that have begun using energy efficient equipment (compact lights and efficient livestock waters, etc) to manage energy costs.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2006
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
    • Self Assessments and Energy Calculators
      • Energy Tools
        • Summary: This USDA site provides a list of easy to use energy assessment tools that you can utilize on your own to determine your most pressing efficiency needs.
        • PDF or website? Website
        • Author/Organization: USDA
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Farm Energy Calculators
        • Summary: Farm energy calculators are planning tools designed to help producers save electrical energy, fuel or fossil-fuel-based fertilizers. This site offers links to several of the best energy calculators available online.
        • PDF or website? Website
        • Published: 2010
        • Author/Organization: National Center for Appropriate Technology
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Energy Conservation Tools
        • Summary: These energy conservation tools are available to assess the following sectors: dairy, grain drying, greenhouse, irrigation, water fountain and more. The modules determine if energy conservation equipment is being used and estimates the current energy usage. The tools will calculate the estimated energy and cost savings for the use of high efficiency equipment and energy conserving practices (takes about 10 min each to complete).
        • PDF or website? Website
        • Author/Organization: USDA
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • ATTRA Review of Farm Energy Calculators
        • Summary: Links to ATTRA-approved farm energy calculators. Each tool has its own unique features and inherent limits. A PDF of the calculator summary document can also be downloaded here
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: Updated 2010
        • Author/Organization: ATTRA
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Farmer’s Guide to Energy Self Reliance
        • Summary: Very extensive guide offers suggestions for energy efficiency across three interrelated categories: improving energy efficiency, using biomass, and utilizing other renewable resources such as solar and wind power.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • The Energy Matrix
        • Summary: The Energy Matrix is a Navigational Aide. USDA's energy related programs are large in scope, and extends among many USDA agencies and mission areas. To help you navigate the maze, USDA has developed this web site matrix which allows you to search by agency, technology type, and program.
        • PDF or website? Website
        • Published: 2010 (updated daily)
        • Author/Organization: USDA
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Energy Audit Handbook
        • Summary: This book is a first-level guide for farm energy audits for energy engineers and non-engineers alike. Energy accounting, electrical, mechanical, building and process systems analysis, life cycle costing and more are all covered within the book.
        • PDF or website: Website (Google Book)
        • Published: 2008
        • Author/Organization: Albert Thumann, William J. Younger
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Farm Assessment Toolkit
        • Summary: Online self-assessments designed to help different agricultural enterprises assess whether there are energy saving opportunities that would cost-effectively lower energy bills or improve production efficiency. Each assessment takes 10-20 minutes and can help identify maintenance issues, process parameters or equipment that could improve your bottom line. Requires creation of a free account to access the assessments.
        • PDF or website: Website
        • Published: 2005
        • Author/Organization: Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
    • Resources and Referrals
      • Introduction to Energy Efficiency on the Farm
        • Summary: Identifies the differences between energy efficiency and conservation as terminology and offers tip sheets for greenhouse and irrigation efficiency.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: March 2010
        • Author/Organization: University of Minnesota-Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: Yes
      • Usefulness of Farm Energy Audits
        • Summary: Report explains how demand for energy audits on farms has recently increased due to the important federal grant and loan program, REAP, administered by USDA Rural Development, and suggests ways that the USDA can deemphasize often costly audits and still promote energy efficiency in rural areas through streamlined processes.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: Sept 2009
        • Author/Organization: National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT)
        • Tailored to Minnesota:
      • Focus on Energy’s Agribusiness Tools
        • Summary: A collection of energy efficiency resources for Wisconsin farmers. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: 2010
        • Author/Organization: Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Suggested Approach to Farm Energy Audits
        • Summary: Brief document on performing on-farm energy audits, dividing the major areas of farm electricity use into manageable categories for review.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Richard S. Hiatt, P.E., National Food and Energy Council
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Performing On-farm Energy Audits: ANSI/ASABE Standards S612
        • Summary: A consensus document developed and adopted by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers to meet standardization needs for conducting on-farm energy audits. The standard establishes procedures to determine and document current energy usage, and to provide an estimation of energy savings from alternatives in the cultivation, protection, harvesting, processing and storage of agricultural commodities and in the feeding, housing and processing of farm animals and animal products.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
        • Published: June 2009
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Coping with High Energy Prices on the Farm
        • Summary: Tip list for managing electricity usage. All the information presented in this article is directed at farmers who are classified as "commercial" or "industrial" customers of electricity.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: February 25, 2009
        • Author/Organization: Penn State Cooperative Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: no
      • Dairy Farm Energy Savings
        • Summary: The main energy uses on a dairy farm are within the milking shed - hot water heating, milk chilling and the milking system’s vacuum pump. Each section of this site details tips within each of these areas for energy conservation and efficiency.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: 2005
        • Author/Organization: Genesis Farm
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Technical Report
        • Summary: Since 2006 the NZ Center for Advanced Engineering has conducted and documented real-time monitoring of five Southland farms to examine the practical implications of using energy efficient measures in the dairy shed, monitoring results with an Internet-based monitoring system. This document is quite long, but provides all the details of this study. Useful for people looking for more information.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: October 2007
        • Author/Organization: Ken Morison, Warren Gregory, Rowan Hooper, New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Efficient Dairy Shed Resource Center
        • Summary: Venture Southland in New Zealand managed a 3-year project to evaluate different technologies available to dairy farmers to improve energy efficiency in the dairy shed. Five dairy farms were fitted with real-time energy monitoring and monitored through a milking season. Documents showing study results available here for download.
        •  PDF or website: website
        •  Author/Organization: Venture Southland/ Dairy InSight
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • EnSave’s Farm Energy Audit Program
        • Summary: EnSave has provided farm energy audits for over 2,000 farms across the US, and for all types of agriculture, including dairy, poultry, swine, greenhouses, and others. They can review electric energy savings as well as propane, natural gas, and diesel. Contact information and an outline of their five-step audit process available here.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: 2009
        • Author/Organization: EnSave
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • REAP Grant Program
        • Summary: The REAP/RES/EEI Grants Program provides grants for energy audits and renewable energy development assistance. It also provides funds to agricultural producers and rural small businesses to purchase and install renewable energy systems and make energy efficiency improvements. There is a comparison chart on the site to help users determine which grant is appropriate for them.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: 2010 
        • Author/Organization: USDA
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Financial Incentives for Efficiency in Minnesota
        • Summary: A comprehensive database of links to financial incentive information at both the state and federal level for making energy efficiency changes on your farm. Includes links to State Rebate Program, Utility Rebate, Loan and Grant Programs, and rules, regulations and policies.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Author/Organization: US Department of Energy/DSIRE
        • Tailored to Minnesota: Yes
      • The Energy Matrix
        • Summary: The Energy Matrix is a Navigational Aide. USDA's energy related programs are large in scope, and extends among many USDA agencies and mission areas. To help you navigate the maze, USDA has developed this web site matrix which allows you to search by agency, technology type, and program.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: updated 2010
        • Author/Organization: USDA
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Energy Star Energy Management Guide
        • Summary: This document is primarily written for businesses looking to formulate a comprehensive energy management plan. May be too large in scope for practical application, but could be used on large farms.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Energy Star
        • Tailored to Minnesota:
      • Energy Efficiency Program Review
        • Summary: This document is aimed at organizations interested in implementing energy efficiency programs. This document is not geared toward farmers, but in designing programs that would work on farms.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: January 2005
        • Author/Organization: ACEEE, Elizabeth Brown, R. Neal Elliott, and Steven Nadel
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
      • Wisconsin Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resource
        • Summary: This web site contains a collection of information on energy conservation and energy utilization for agricultural enterprises. The resources available includes publications, articles, spreadsheets, audit tools, links to other sites and presentations that would be helpful in determining energy conservation options and estimations for energy savings. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
  • Buildings
    • General
      • Efficient Agricultural Buildings: An Overview
        • Summary: This publication discusses several ways to improve the efficiency of agricultural buildings and provides further references for implementing those strategies. Topics covered include suiting a building to its site, using natural systems, using renewable energy, conserving energy, and conserving material resources in construction.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: November 2002
        • Author/Organization: Tracy Mumma, NCAT Agricultural
        • Energy Specialist
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Conservation in Confined Animal Operations
        • Summary: Because confined animal operations must be intensely managed, it’s relatively easier to make energy-saving changes in the operation. This document outlines switches and changes for trouble spots in most confined operations.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: June 2006
        • Author/Organization: USDA/NRCS
      • Farmer’s Guide to Energy Self Reliance
        • Summary: Very extensive guide offers suggestions for energy efficiency across three interrelated categories: improving energy efficiency, using biomass, and utilizing other renewable resources such as solar and wind power.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Farmer’s Self Reliance Handbook
        • Summary: This document is a comprehensive guide touching on all areas of farm efficiency. The document is a bit longer because it also touches on areas of renewable energy. Has some good information.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2007
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Reduce Energy Costs in Agriculture
        • Summary: This document contains clear, specific advice on multiple areas of farm efficiency. A good, practical document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Mississippi State University Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Efficiencies for Cutting Building Costs
        • Summary: This document contains the slides from a power point presentation. The document contains useful advice for making farm buildings energy efficient. The document contains specific advice relating to hog operations.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2005
        • Author/Organization: Iowa State University, Jay Harmon, Ph.D., P.E.
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Farm Assessment Toolkit
        • Summary: Online self-assessments designed to help different agricultural enterprises assess whether there are energy saving opportunities that would cost-effectively lower energy bills or improve production efficiency. Each assessment takes 10-20 minutes and can help identify maintenance issues, process parameters or equipment that could improve your bottom line. Requires creation of a free account to access the assessments.
        • PDF or website: Website
        • Published: 2005
        • Author/Organization: Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Wisconsin Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resource
        • Summary: This web site contains a collection of information on energy conservation and energy utilization for agricultural enterprises. The resources available includes publications, articles, spreadsheets, audit tools, links to other sites and presentations that would be helpful in determining energy conservation options and estimations for energy savings. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
      • Energy Efficient Greenhouses
        • Summary: This website features a number of resources on energy efficient greenhouses, including information on heating systems and heat loss, new construction, space utilization, and natural gas use, as well as links to a number of further resources. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
    • HVAC (Heating, Cooling, Ventilation, Fans)
      • Farmstead Energy Audit
        • Summary: This document takes a comprehensive look at farm energy efficiency, but provides useful information in this specific subject area.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: June 2008
        • Author/Organization: NDSU Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Efficient Agricultural Buildings: An Overview
        • Summary: This publication discusses several ways to improve the efficiency of agricultural buildings and provides further references for implementing those strategies. Topics covered include suiting a building to its site, using natural systems, using renewable energy, conserving energy, and conserving material resources in construction.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: November 202
        • Author/Organization: Tracy Mumma, NCAT Agricultural Energy Specialist
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Efficient Heating Systems
        • Summary: University of Minnesota document offering tips to combat high fuel prices through efficient heating systems.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: updated 2010
        • Author/Organization: University of Minnesota-Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Conservation in Confined Animal Operations
        • Summary: Because confined animal operations must be intensely managed, it’s relatively easier to make energy-saving changes in the operation. This document outlines switches and changes for trouble spots in most confined operations.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: June 2006
        • Author/Organization: USDA/NRCS
      • Coping with High Energy Prices on the Farm
        • Summary: Tip list for managing electricity usage. All the information presented in this article is directed at farmers who are classified as "commercial" or "industrial" customers of electricity.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: February 25, 2009
        • Author/Organization: Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Dairy Farm Energy Management Handbook
        • Summary: This guide takes dairy producers on a guide through designing and implementing a comprehensive energy efficiency plan. Touches on all areas of efficiency planning. Very thorough and useful document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Karl Ohm, WDATCP and Rural Energy Management Council
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Report for Farmers
        • Summary: Very comprehensive guide relating to farm efficiency on dairy farms. Touches on all areas of dairy operations and provides energy and cost saving tips. Longer, but worth reading.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: October 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering.
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Maintaining Heating and Cooling Systems
        • Summary: This document gives a top 7 list of ways to save cooling costs. Not directly related to farming, but tips could certainly be applied to farm operations.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: June 2009
        • Author/Organization: Energy Insight, Idaho Power
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Animal Ventilation - Performance and Efficiency
        • Summary: Gives accessible, user friendly advice on energy efficiency fan technology. Gets technical, but is not overwhelming.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: 2010
        • Author/Organization: University of Minnesota Extension, Larry Jacobson and John Chastain
        • Tailored to MN: Yes.
      • Ventilation Fans for Animal Housing
        • Summary: This data sheet discusses ventilation fan designs, components, controls and maintenance, and also introduces different fan types and describes their use and ventilation benefits with an eye toward efficiency and energy cost savings.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2007
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Tunnel Ventilation for Freestall Barns
        • Summary: This paper focuses on the application of tunnel ventilation to large freestall barns, specifically those typically housing more than 200 dairy cows, and makes recommendations for ventilation consideration in the context of unanswered questions and concerns with the technology. Though focused on freestall barns, much of the information is also applicable to tie stall and stanchion barns.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: March 2000
        • Author/Organization: Cornell University PRO-DAIRY Program
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Technical Guide – Fan System Performance
        • Summary: Very technical guide to improving fan performance. May be more useful for industrial customers, but includes a great amount of detail. Not real user friendly.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: April 2003
        • Author/Organization: United States Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Measuring Existing Fan Efficiency
        • Summary: This concise document provides a fairly simple approach to compare savings or potential savings from your old farm fans to new fans. Gives good background and additional resources.
        • PDF or website:
        •  Author/Organization: National Food and Energy Council, Richard Hiatt
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Fan Efficiency Slide Show
        • Summary: This document provides a good amount of technical and practical information surrounding the benefits of installing energy efficient fans. Laid out in a simple slide-show fashion, this document is easy to look through.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Unknown
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Farmer’s Guide to Energy Self Reliance
        • Summary: Very extensive guide offers suggestions for energy efficiency across three interrelated categories: improving energy efficiency, using biomass, and utilizing other renewable resources such as solar and wind power.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Reduce Energy Costs in Agriculture
        • Summary: This document contains clear, specific advice on multiple areas of farm efficiency. A good, practical document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Mississippi State University Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Buying an Energy-Efficient Electric Motor
        • Summary: This in-depth fact sheet shows how to obtain the most efficient motor at the lowest price and how to avoid common problems. It explores such subjects as what efficiency values to use when comparing motors, when to consider buying a new motor and how to determine if it is cost effective, as well as deciding whether or not to rewind a failed motor.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 1996
        • Author/Organization: Challenge, U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration
        • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Insulation
      • Efficient Agricultural Buildings: An Overview
        • Summary: This publication discusses several ways to improve the efficiency of agricultural buildings and provides further references for implementing those strategies. Topics covered include suiting a building to its site, using natural systems, using renewable energy, conserving energy, and conserving material resources in construction.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: November 2002
        • Author/Organization: Tracy Mumma, NCAT Agricultural Energy Specialist
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Farmer’s Guide to Energy Self Reliance
        • Summary: Very extensive guide offers suggestions for energy efficiency across three interrelated categories: improving energy efficiency, using biomass, and utilizing other renewable resources such as solar and wind power.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Insulation Fact Sheet
        • Summary: Establishes the best insulation product for energy efficiency based on the R-value, which refers to the thermal resistance (resistance to heat flow).
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: January 15, 2008
        • Author/Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (TN)
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Insulation Know How
        • Summary: This article breaks down the types of insulation products by material and by R-value (or resistance to losing heat).
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: 2010
        • Author/Organization: University of Minnesota-Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
    • Lighting
      • Efficient Agricultural Buildings: An Overview
        • Summary: This publication discusses several ways to improve the efficiency of agricultural buildings and provides further references for implementing those strategies. Topics covered include suiting a building to its site, using natural systems, using renewable energy, conserving energy, and conserving material resources in construction.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: November 2002
        • Author/Organization: Tracy Mumma, NCAT Agricultural Energy Specialist
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Conservation in Confined Animal Operations
        • Summary: Because confined animal operations must be intensely managed, it’s relatively easier to make energy-saving changes in the operation. This document outlines switches and changes for trouble spots in most confined operations.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: June 2006
        • Author/Organization: USDA/NRCS
      • Coping with High Energy Prices on the Farm
        • Summary: Tip list for managing electricity usage. All the information presented in this article is directed at farmers who are classified as "commercial" or "industrial" customers of electricity.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: February 25, 2009
        • Author/Organization: Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Dairy Farm Energy Management Handbook
        • Summary: This guide takes dairy producers on a guide through designing and implementing a comprehensive energy efficiency plan. Touches on all areas of efficiency planning. Very thorough and useful document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Karl Ohm, WDATCP and Rural Energy Management Council
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Energy Efficient Agricultural Lighting
        • Summary: This document contains a very thorough, but easy to read, review of energy efficient lighting technologies. It provides a lot of very helpful information broken up into many separate categories.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2003
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin Extension, Scott Sanford.
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Report for Farmers
        • Summary: Very comprehensive guide relating to farm efficiency on dairy farms. Touches on all areas of dairy operations and provides energy and cost saving tips. Longer, but worth reading.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: October 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering.
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Long-Day Lighting in Dairy Barns
        • Summary: This paper discusses the technique and research on Long-Day Lighting, or Photoperiod Control, for increasing milk production, improving heifer growth, and creating more enjoyable and safer working conditions.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: August 2000
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin Healthy Farmers, Healthy Profits Project
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • CET Overview on Energy Efficient Lighting
        • Summary: Outlines types of energy efficient lighting available to farmers across sectors.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Author/Organization: Center for Ecological Technology
        • Tailored to Minnesota:
      • Farmer’s Guide to Energy Self Reliance
        • Summary: Very extensive guide offers suggestions for energy efficiency across three interrelated categories: improving energy efficiency, using biomass, and utilizing other renewable resources such as solar and wind power.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Overview of Light bulb Technology
        • Summary: Resources and definitions to help you choose the most energy-efficient light bulbs: LED definitions, LED benefits, CFL differences, etc.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published:
        • Author/Organization: EarthEasy
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Energy Efficiency in Poultry House Lighting
        • Summary: This paper offers a good overview to assist electric cooperatives in providing energy efficient lighting options, specifically to poultry operations. The report covers chicken broiler houses, chicken pullet and laying houses, turkey houses, and more, enumerating cost effective methods, including rebates, loans, and grants to aid utilities and farmers in making changes in line with energy regulations. Also included are total cost analyses for lighting upgrades in several types of poultry operations.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2009
        • Author/Organization: Service Concepts
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Compact Fluorescent Lighting on Farms
        • Summary: This data sheet discusses compact fluorescent lights (CFLs) as an energy efficient alternative to common incandescent bulbs and covers some of the factors to consider in selecting the appropriate CFL for your farm needs.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2005
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Agricultural Lighting
        • Summary: This website features a number of resources focused on energy efficient lighting options for an agricultural enterprise with discussions focused on choosing a light, navigating different lamp types, indoor and outdoor lighting, and proper disposal. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
  • Equipment
    • General
      • Reduce Energy Costs in Agriculture
        • Summary: This document contains clear, specific advice on multiple areas of farm efficiency. A good, practical document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Mississippi State University Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
      • Farmer’s Self Reliance Handbook
        • Summary: This document is a comprehensive guide touching on all areas of farm efficiency. The document is a bit longer because it also touches on areas of renewable energy. Has some good information.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2007
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Energy Free Water Fountains
        • Summary: A study conducted between 1990 and 1993 comparing three energy free livestock water fountains with four electrically heated ones, concluding that energy free fountains can work in cold prairie winters if certain conditions are met. The report discusses how such fountains work and offers an analysis of their cost effectiveness.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: April 1994
        • Author/Organization: Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Farm Assessment Toolkit
        • Summary: Online self-assessments designed to help different agricultural enterprises assess whether there are energy saving opportunities that would cost-effectively lower energy bills or improve production efficiency. Each assessment takes 10-20 minutes and can help identify maintenance issues, process parameters or equipment that could improve your bottom line. Requires creation of a free account to access the assessments.
        • PDF or website: Website
        • Published: 2005
        • Author/Organization: Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Wisconsin Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resource
        • Summary: This web site contains a collection of information on energy conservation and energy utilization for agricultural enterprises. The resources available includes publications, articles, spreadsheets, audit tools, links to other sites and presentations that would be helpful in determining energy conservation options and estimations for energy savings. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
      • Outdoor Animal Watering Fountains
        • Summary: This website features a brief overview of watering fountains, including the option of energy free fountains as well as methods for keeping energy use low in heated watering fountains.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Motors and Pumps
      • Conservation in Confined Animal Operations
        • Summary: Because confined animal operations must be intensely managed, it’s relatively easier to make energy-saving changes in the operation. This document outlines switches and changes for trouble spots in most confined operations.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: June 2006
        • Author/Organization: USDA/NRCS
        • Tailored to Minnesota:
      • Coping with High Energy Prices on the Farm
        • Summary: Tip list for managing electricity usage. All the information presented in this article is directed at farmers who are classified as "commercial" or "industrial" customers of electricity.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: February 25, 2009
        • Author/Organization: Penn State Cooperative Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: no
      • Dairy Farm Energy Management Handbook
        • Summary: This guide takes dairy producers on a guide through designing and implementing a comprehensive energy efficiency plan. Touches on all areas of efficiency planning. Very thorough and useful document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Karl Ohm, WDATCP and Rural Energy Management Council
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Energy Efficient Farm Motors
        • Summary: Very easy to read document containing a good mix of technical and practical information concerning motor use on the farm. Gives background information on how efficiency is affected and advice on how and where to pick the best motors in the future.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: National Food and Energy Council
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Buying an Energy-Efficient Electric Motor
        • Summary: This in-depth fact sheet shows how to obtain the most efficient motor at the lowest price and how to avoid common problems. It explores such subjects as what efficiency values to use when comparing motors, when to consider buying a new motor and how to determine if it is cost effective, as well as deciding whether or not to rewind a failed motor.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 1996
        • Author/Organization: Challenge, U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Energy Efficiency of Electric Motors on the Farm
        • Summary: Short document that touches briefly on the basics of energy efficiency. Also provides resources for further information. More basic than other documents, but short and to the point, as well.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: 2010
        • Author/Organization: Richard Beard, Utah State University Extension.
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Farmer’s Guide to Energy Self Reliance
        • Summary: Very extensive guide offers suggestions for energy efficiency across three interrelated categories: improving energy efficiency, using biomass, and utilizing other renewable resources such as solar and wind power.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Technical Guide to Improving Pump System Performance
        • Summary: A very technical guide to making pump systems energy efficient. Not well tailored to farmers, but may provide useful information to individuals seeking very technical information.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: May 2006
        • Author/Organization: United States Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
        • Tailored to MN
      • Optimize Vacuum Systems, Increase Productivity and Save Energy
        • Summary: This two-page data sheet discusses vacuum systems, offers tips for installation and factors to consider, as well as other non-energy benefits associated with a variable speed vacuum pump. The paper also debunks a myth that variable frequency drives cause stray voltage.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2007
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Variable-Speed Motors
        • Summary: This two-page fact sheet discusses vacuum systems, offers tips for installation and factors to consider, as well as other non-energy benefits associated with a vacuum pump. The paper also debunks a myth that variable frequency drives cause stray voltage.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2010
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Tractors and Implements
      • Coping with High Energy Prices on the Farm
        • Summary: Tip list for managing electricity usage. All the information presented in this article is directed at farmers who are classified as "commercial" or "industrial" customers of electricity.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: February 25, 2009
        • Author/Organization: Penn State Cooperative Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: no
      • Optimizing Tractor Performance
        • Summary: Tip list for keeping your tractors running at the highest efficiency. Thorough review of the various practices most helpful to tractor efficiency.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Author/Organization: Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Farmer’s Guide to Energy Self Reliance
        • Summary: Very extensive guide offers suggestions for energy efficiency across three interrelated categories: improving energy efficiency, using biomass, and utilizing other renewable resources such as solar and wind power.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Nebraska Tractor Test
        • Summary: Provides comprehensive information on the efficiency and power rankings of all popular brands of tractors.
        • PDF or website: Website
        • Author/Organization: University of Nebraska, Nebraska Tractor Test Lab
    • Water Systems
      • Irrigation Scheduling
        • Summary: This publication offers the "look and feel" approach as a simple-to-understand method for determining when and how much irrigation water is needed. The paper covers ways to figure the field capacity for soil and effective root zone depth, evaluate soil moisture, and calculate how much irrigation water to apply.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2008
        • Author/Organization: Louisiana State University Agricultural Center
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Dairy Farm Energy Management Handbook
        • Summary: This guide takes dairy producers on a guide through designing and implementing a comprehensive energy efficiency plan. Touches on all areas of efficiency planning. Very thorough and useful document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Karl Ohm, WDATCP and Rural Energy Management Council
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Farmstead Energy Audit
        • Summary: This document takes a comprehensive look at farm energy efficiency, but provides useful information in this specific subject area.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: June 2008
        • Author/Organization: NDSU Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Outdoor Animal Watering Fountains
        • Summary: This website features a brief overview of watering fountains, including the option of energy free fountains as well as methods for keeping energy use low in heated watering fountains.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Energy Free Water Fountains
        • Summary: A study conducted between 1990 and 1993 comparing three energy free livestock water fountains with four electrically heated ones, concluding that energy free fountains can work in cold prairie winters if certain conditions are met. The report discusses how such fountains work and offers an analysis of their cost effectiveness.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: April 1994
        • Author/Organization: Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute
        • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Water Heating Systems
      • Solar Hot Water Systems
        • Summary: Short article about what a solar hot water system is, how it works, and its benefits to energy efficiency.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Author/Organization: Center for Ecological Technology
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Water Heating for Production Agriculture
        • Summary: This document addresses best practices for efficient hot water heating on farms. Provides technical information along with advice for next steps.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: National Food and Energy Council
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Low-Cost Energy Conservation: Heating Hot Water
        • Summary: Geared towards dairies, this brief two-page publication offers a list of actions that can reduce energy consumption related to heating water, including both maintenance steps and technological upgrade options.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2003
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No
  • Crops
    • General
      • Farmer’s Self Reliance Handbook
        • Summary: This document is a comprehensive guide touching on all areas of farm efficiency. The document is a bit longer because it also touches on areas of renewable energy. Has some good information.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2007
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Potato Storage
        • Summary: This website features a number of resources specifically focused on the energy efficient crop storage of potatoes. Includes a discussion of potato storage and the use of variable speed drives to save energy. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Maple Syrup Production
        • Summary: This website features a number of resources specifically focused on the energy efficient production of maple syrup. Includes a discussion of the fuel types used in syrup production, technologies that can reduce energy (evaporator and burner maintenance, pre-heaters, economizer units, reverse osmosis, and evaporators), as well as links to further resources, equipment manufacturers and suppliers. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Wisconsin Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resource
        • Summary: This web site contains a collection of information on energy conservation and energy utilization for agricultural enterprises. The resources available includes publications, articles, spreadsheets, audit tools, links to other sites and presentations that would be helpful in determining energy conservation options and estimations for energy savings. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
    • Grain Drying
      • Farmstead Energy Audit
        • Summary: This document takes a comprehensive look at farm energy efficiency, but provides useful information in this specific subject area.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: June 2008
        • Author/Organization: NDSU Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Energy Efficient Potato Storage
        • Summary: This document provides advice for efficient potato storage and ideas for improved practices. Focused on potatoes.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin, Scott Sanford
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Potato Storage
        • Summary: This website features a number of resources specifically focused on the energy efficient crop storage of potatoes. Includes a discussion of potato storage and the use of variable speed drives to save energy. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Energy Efficient Grain Drying Resources
        • Summary: Very useful website for efficient grain drying information. Gives background of grain drying but also provides case studies to help illustrate where the most relevant problems and potential benefits lie. Highly recommended.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Author/Organization: ATTRA, NCAT; Jeff Schahczenski, Katherine Adam, Mike Morris
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
      • Grain Drying
        • Summary: This website features resources focused on energy efficient grain drying, including discussions on continuous flow dryers and batch dryers, along with links to a number of further resources. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
      • Strategies for Managing Energy-Related Grain Drying Costs
        • Summary: This data sheet discusses options for energy efficient grain drying, including the importance of proper maintenance. A useful checklist offers steps you can take to make your grain drying more energy efficient. Also included are several examples of farms that have implemented such steps and a comparison of their energy and cost savings.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2007
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
      • Farmer’s Guide to Energy Self Reliance
        • Summary: Very extensive guide offers suggestions for energy efficiency across three interrelated categories: improving energy efficiency, using biomass, and utilizing other renewable resources such as solar and wind power.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Reduce Energy Costs in Agriculture
        • Summary: This document contains clear, specific advice on multiple areas of farm efficiency. A good, practical document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Mississippi State University Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
    • Irrigation
      • Farmstead Energy Audit
        • Summary: This document takes a comprehensive look at farm energy efficiency, but provides useful information in this specific subject area.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: June 2008
        • Author/Organization: NDSU Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Efficient Irrigation Planning: Factors to Consider
        • Summary: Article outlines how the cost of operating an irrigation system varies considerably depending on different factors: the elevation difference, the pipe and fittings, the system type, the pumping unit, the power unit, and the volume of water needed each season.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 1997
        • Author/Organization: Alabama Cooperative Extension System; Larry M. Curtis, Ted W Tyson, Extension Agricultural Engineers
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Irrigation Scheduling
        • Summary: This publication offers the "look and feel" approach as a simple-to-understand method for determining when and how much irrigation water is needed. The paper covers ways to figure the field capacity for soil and effective root zone depth, evaluate soil moisture, and calculate how much irrigation water to apply.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2008
        • Author/Organization: Louisiana State University Agricultural Center
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Energy Saving Tips for Irrigators
        • Summary: This document describes ways farmers can save money through improved irrigation practices. It gives a good background of the main costs of irrigation and how to improve the most costly issues. Thorough, but reader friendly.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2006
        • Author/Organization: ATTRA, NCAT; Mike Morris and Vicki Lynne
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Farmer’s Guide to Energy Self Reliance
        • Summary: Very extensive guide offers suggestions for energy efficiency across three interrelated categories: improving energy efficiency, using biomass, and utilizing other renewable resources such as solar and wind power.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Institute for Energy and the Environment, Vermont Law School
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Introduction to Energy Efficiency Irrigation
        • Summary: This comprehensive article outlines the two main ways a farm can improve the efficiency of its irrigation efforts: first, through improving the irrigation system, and secondly, through enhancing the management and operations of the system.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: May 12, 2010
        • Author/Organization: University of Minnesota-Extension, Mike Morris and Vern Grubinger
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Maintaining Irrigation Equipment for Efficient Use
        • Summary: Another good irrigation document more focused on preventative maintenance as a way to save money on irrigation systems.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2006
        • Author/Organization: ATTRA, NCAT; Mike Morris and Vicki Lynne
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Energy Efficient Irrigation
        • Summary: This website features a number of resources on energy efficient irrigation, including information on irrigation scheduling and testing, along with links to a number of further irrigation resources, contractors and suppliers. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Cold Storage
      • Energy Conservation in Cold Storage and Cooling Operations
        • Summary: This document details the problems with energy efficiency involved in cold storage applications and also gives details surrounding the strengths and weaknesses of various cooling technologies.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: February 2001
        • Author/Organization: Perishables Handling Quarterly, Jim Thompson, UC Davis
        • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Greenhouses
      • Utilizing Root Zone Heating
        • Summary: This document provides information on an energy efficient greenhouse practice known as ‘root one heating’. Details the challenges and benefits of this practice in a well-written fashion.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: April 2002
        • Author/Organization: ATTRA, NCAT; Steve Diver
      • Greenhouse Energy Conservation Checklist
        • Summary: This website does a great job of laying out all relevant areas to consider when attempting to make energy efficiency improvements to your greenhouse. Very well laid out and segmented, it is quiet easy to access the specific information you’re looking for.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: May 20, 2010
        • Author/Organization: University of Minnesota-Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Energy Conservation for Greenhouse Growers
        • Summary: This short document gives very specific tips to achieve energy efficiency savings in your greenhouse. Very practical.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2001
        • Author/Organization: Mississippi State University Extension, Dr. David Tatum, Dr. Jimmy Bonner
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Using Insulation to Save Money
        • Summary: Greenhouse Product News discusses how insulation is one of the first measures to consider for energy savings. Available in many materials and forms, it is easy to install, lasts a long time and quickly pays for itself.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: April 2007
        • Author/Organization: John Bartok, Jr., Greenhouse Product News
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Solar Greenhouse Resource List
        • Summary: This document is a comprehensive introduction to solar greenhouse design. Provides helpful tips on each area of concern for energy efficiency and gives further resources to explore topics in depth.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2003
        • Author/Organization: ATTRA, NCAT, Barbara Bellows
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Spring Heating Efficiency Tips
        • Summary: Very specific, very short document reviewing some energy efficiency best practices for saving money in your greenhouse operation.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: December 2005
        • Author/Organization: GMPro, Erik Runkle
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Energy Efficient Greenhouses
        • Summary: This website features a number of resources on energy efficient greenhouses, including information on heating systems and heat loss, new construction, space utilization, and natural gas use, as well as links to a number of further resources. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
  • Dairy Specific
    • General
      • Case Study – Crave Brothers Farm
        • Summary: Crave Brothers Dairy Farm in Waterloo, Wisconsin is an example of a farm committed to energy efficiency projects for many years. The case study outlines their selection processes for new energy efficient technologies.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: 2009
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Dairy Farm Energy Management Handbook
        • Summary: This guide takes dairy producers on a guide through designing and implementing a comprehensive energy efficiency plan. Touches on all areas of efficiency planning. Very thorough and useful document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Karl Ohm, WDATCP and Rural Energy Management Council
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Dairy Farm Energy Management Guide
        • Summary: This guide, from California, is very long and very comprehensive. It has complete energy conservation sections on milk harvest, milk cooling, lighting, ventilation, washing and water systems. May be intimidating because of length, but worth spending some time looking through. Very large amount of good information.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: February 2004
        • Author/Organization: Southern California Edison, DLTech, Inc, Northeast Agriculture Technology Corporation
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Farm Energy Savings
        • Summary: The main energy uses on a dairy farm are within the milking shed - hot water heating, milk chilling and the milking system’s vacuum pump. Each section of this site details tips within each of these areas for energy conservation and efficiency.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: 2005
        • Author/Organization: Genesis Energy
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Dairy Efficiency Philosophy
        • Summary: Article offers a brief case study about the energy projects at Louie Kazemier’s farm, Rickreall Dairy; offering an example of the “energy pyramid” process to reduce energy use.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Published: 2010
        • Author/Organization: Harvesting Clean Energy, a program of Climate Solutions
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Dairy Farm Efficiency Checklist
        • This quick list gives the top 8 practices to consider in making one’s dairy more energy efficient. Short, but informative.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2005
        • Author/Organization: Efficiency Maine
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Farm Energy Management Opportunities
        • Summary: This document provides another quick overview of the main methods to save energy on your dairy operation. Set out in slideshow fashion, this document is easy to read and comprehend.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Northeast Agriculture Technology Corporation
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency - Project Profile
        • This publication is a short profile of the other “Dairy Shed Efficiency” Documents contained herein. This document gives a basic overview of the project and provides brief, but still helpful, summaries of each of the subject areas covered in the report. A good starting point.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Report for Farmers
        • Summary: Very comprehensive guide relating to farm efficiency on dairy farms. Touches on all areas of dairy operations and provides energy and cost saving tips. Longer, but worth reading.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: October 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering.
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Technical Report
        • Summary: Since 2006 the NZ Center for Advanced Engineering has conducted and documented real-time monitoring of five Southland farms to examine the practical implications of using energy efficient measures in the dairy shed, monitoring results with an Internet-based monitoring system. This document is quite long, but provides all the details of this study. Useful for people looking for more information.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: October 2007
        • Author/Organization: Ken Morison, Warren Gregory, Rowan Hooper, New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Long-Day Lighting in Dairy Barns
        • Summary: This paper discusses the technique and research on Long-Day Lighting, or Photoperiod Control, for increasing milk production, improving heifer growth, and creating more enjoyable and safer working conditions.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: August 2000
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin Healthy Farmers, Healthy Profits Project
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Automatic Livestock Waterers
        • Summary: A brief overview of the various automatic livestock waterer options, including electrically heated, low energy, and alternative energy models. Offers a discussion of proper installation and energy usage of electrically heated waterers. The other options are not as fully remarked upon.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: December 2008
        • Author/Organization: Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Energy Free Water Fountains
        • Summary: A study conducted between 1990 and 1993 comparing three energy free livestock water fountains with four electrically heated ones, concluding that energy free fountains can work in cold prairie winters if certain conditions are met. The report discusses how such fountains work and offers an analysis of their cost effectiveness.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: April 1994
        • Author/Organization: Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Reducing Heated Livestock Water Fountain Energy Use
        • Summary: A short paper on the importance and challenge of providing livestock with adequate drinking water in cold weather, offering suggestions to save energy with heated water fountains.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2003
        • Author/Organization: Scott Sanford, University of Wisconsin-Madison
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Efficiency Resources
        • Summary: This website features a number of resources on energy efficient dairies, including such topics as vacuum pumps, milk cooling and pumping technology, water heating, ventilation, lighting and long-day lighting. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Wisconsin Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Resource
        • Summary: This web site contains a collection of information on energy conservation and energy utilization for agricultural enterprises. The resources available includes publications, articles, spreadsheets, audit tools, links to other sites and presentations that would be helpful in determining energy conservation options and estimations for energy savings. Note: some documents and tools may be applicable only to WI residents.
        • PDF or Website: Website
        • Published: 2011
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
    • Water Heating
      • Heating Water on Dairy Farms
        • Summary: This document very specifically addresses the issue of energy efficient water heating practices on Dairy Farms. Very specific, useful advice.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2003
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin, Scott Sanford
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Low-Cost Energy Conservation: Heating Hot Water
        • Summary: Geared towards dairies, this brief two-page publication offers a list of actions that can reduce energy consumption related to heating water, including both maintenance steps and technological upgrade options.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2003
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Dairy Farm Energy Management Handbook
        • Summary: This guide takes dairy producers on a guide through designing and implementing a comprehensive energy efficiency plan. Touches on all areas of efficiency planning. Very thorough and useful document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Karl Ohm, WDATCP and Rural Energy Management Council
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Project Profile
        • This publication is a short profile of the other “Dairy Shed Efficiency” Documents contained herein. This document gives a basic overview of the project and provides brief, but still helpful, summaries of each of the subject areas covered in the report. A good starting point.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Report for Farmers
        • Summary: Very comprehensive guide relating to farm efficiency on dairy farms. Touches on all areas of dairy operations and provides energy and cost saving tips. Longer, but worth reading.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: October 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering.
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Case Study – Water Heater Losses
        • Summary: Another document from the Dairy Shed Efficiency Project, this document provides a specific case study of water heater losses on dairy farms. Very short document outlining some of the efficiency problems with water heating in dairy sheds.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering
        • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Refrigeration and Cooling
      • Refrigeration Systems Design, Operation and Maintenance
        • Summary: This data sheet offers suggestions for improving the energy efficiency of refrigeration systems by installing energy saving measures in a logical, step-by-step manner. Covered are such topics as heat recovery units, scroll compressors, pre-coolers, and variable speed pumps.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2007
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Refrigeration Systems
        • Summary: This publication offers an in-depth look at refrigeration heat recovery units. Includes useful schematic diagrams for visualizing the refrigeration system with heat recovery.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2003
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin Extension
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Options in Dairy Farm Refrigeration
        • This document take a comprehensive look at the technologies involved in dairy farm refrigeration. Not focused on energy efficiency, this document basically provides a good, easy, overview of the technologies used in the industry.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2004
        • Author/Organization: DLTech, Inc. and NATC
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Farm Energy Management Handbook
        • Summary: This guide takes dairy producers on a guide through designing and implementing a comprehensive energy efficiency plan. Touches on all areas of efficiency planning. Very thorough and useful document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Karl Ohm, WDATCP and Rural Energy Management Council
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Project Profile
        • This publication is a short profile of the other “Dairy Shed Efficiency” Documents contained herein. This document gives a basic overview of the project and provides brief, but still helpful, summaries of each of the subject areas covered in the report. A good starting point.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Report for Farmers
        • Summary: Very comprehensive guide relating to farm efficiency on dairy farms. Touches on all areas of dairy operations and provides energy and cost saving tips. Longer, but worth reading.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: October 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering.
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Plate Cooler Technology
        • Summary: A plate cooler is a simple heat exchanger that captures the heat of warm milk and transfers it to the cold incoming water. This article explains how a plate cooler can save money and energy.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Author/Organization: Center for Ecological Technology (CET)
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Precooler Technology
        • Summary: This document gives an overview of precooling technology. It does a good job of explaining the technology, the benefits, and a good deal of technical information. The document concludes with a good set of “next steps” and other resources to pursue.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2003
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin, Scott Sanford
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
      • Bulk Tank Compressor Sizes
        • Summary: This document provides a useful chart for referencing the typical compressor sizes associated with bulk tanks of varying capacity, from 500 gallons up to 8000 gallons. Great information for dairy farmers and energy auditors alike.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2003
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin, Scott Sanford
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No.
    • Vacuum Pumps
      • Dairy Farm Energy Management Handbook
        • Summary: This guide takes dairy producers on a guide through designing and implementing a comprehensive energy efficiency plan. Touches on all areas of efficiency planning. Very thorough and useful document.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: Karl Ohm, WDATCP and Rural Energy Management Council
        • Tailored to MN: No
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Project Profile
        • This publication is a short profile of the other “Dairy Shed Efficiency” Documents contained herein. This document gives a basic overview of the project and provides brief, but still helpful, summaries of each of the subject areas covered in the report. A good starting point.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Dairy Shed Efficiency – Report for Farmers
        • Summary: Very comprehensive guide relating to farm efficiency on dairy farms. Touches on all areas of dairy operations and provides energy and cost saving tips. Longer, but worth reading.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: October 2007
        • Author/Organization: New Zealand Center for Advanced Engineering.
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Case Study - Vacuum Pump Efficiency
        • Summary: A case study on improving vacuum pump efficiency at the Graejo Trust dairy farm in New Zealand.
        • PDF or website? PDF
        • Published: June 2007
        • Author/Organization: Venture Southland/Dairy InSight
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Vacuum Pumps: Importance of Savings Estimates
        • Summary: This accessible document from a private energy audit firm provides background information on whether a variable speed vacuum pump is right for your farm. It notes the benefits of a system, but notes the usefulness of a thorough cost benefit analysis before making such a large investment.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Author/Organization: EnSave, Inc.
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Vacuum System Options
        • Summary: This document gives a quick, readable summary of the technology behind variable speed vacuum pumps. Lays out benefits of the technology and gives information on system maintenance.
        • PDF or Website: PDF
        • Published: 2004
        • Author/Organization: University of Wisconsin, Scott Sanford
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Variable Frequency Drive Technologies
        • Summary: The application of a variable frequency drive to the milking vacuum pump system of dairy farms offers an excellent energy conservation opportunity. Short fact sheet about variable frequency drives.
        • PDF or website: website
        • Author/Organization: Center for Ecological Technology (CET)
        • Tailored to Minnesota: No
      • Buying an Energy-Efficient Electric Motor
        • Summary: This in-depth fact sheet shows how to obtain the most efficient motor at the lowest price and how to avoid common problems. It explores such subjects as what efficiency values to use when comparing motors, when to consider buying a new motor and how to determine if it is cost effective, as well as deciding whether or not to rewind a failed motor.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 1996
        • Author/Organization: Challenge, U.S. Department of Energy, Bonneville Power Administration
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Variable Frequency Drives in Dairy Vacuum Milking Systems
        • Summary: This report gives a detailed look at variable speed drives in dairy vacuum milking systems, including their use on two California dairy farms and the energy savings realized. Also included is a brief report on a study done by the Cornell Agricultural Energy Program on use of variable speed drives on eight farms in New York, Vermont and Hawaii.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: March 1998
        • Author/Organization: Southern California Edison
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Optimize Vacuum Systems, Increase Productivity and Save Energy
        • Summary: This two-page data sheet discusses vacuum systems, offers tips for installation and factors to consider, as well as other non-energy benefits associated with a variable speed vacuum pump. The paper also debunks a myth that variable frequency drives cause stray voltage.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2007
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to MN: No.
      • Variable-Speed Motors
        • Summary: This two-page fact sheet discusses vacuum systems, offers tips for installation and factors to consider, as well as other non-energy benefits associated with a vacuum pump. The paper also debunks a myth that variable frequency drives cause stray voltage.
        • PDF or website: PDF
        • Published: 2010
        • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy
        • Tailored to MN: No.
  • Beef Specific
    • Automatic Livestock Waterers
      • Summary: A brief overview of the various automatic livestock waterer options, including electrically heated, low energy, and alternative energy models. Offers a discussion of proper installation and energy usage of electrically heated waterers. The other options are not as fully remarked upon.
      • PDF or Website: PDF
      • Published: December 2008
      • Author/Organization: Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development
      • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Energy Free Water Fountains
      • Summary: A study conducted between 1990 and 1993 comparing three energy free livestock water fountains with four electrically heated ones, concluding that energy free fountains can work in cold prairie winters if certain conditions are met. The report discusses how such fountains work and offers an analysis of their cost effectiveness.
      • PDF or website: PDF
      • Published: April 1994
      • Author/Organization: Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute
      • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Reducing Heated Livestock Water Fountain Energy Use
      • Summary: A short paper on the importance and challenge of providing livestock with adequate drinking water in cold weather, offering suggestions to save energy with heated water fountains.
      • PDF or website: PDF
      • Published: 2003
      • Author/Organization: Scott Sanford, University of Wisconsin-Madison
      • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Outdoor Animal Watering Fountains
      • Summary: This website features a brief overview of watering fountains, including the option of energy free fountains as well as methods for keeping energy use low in heated watering fountains.
      • PDF or Website: Website
      • Published: 2011
      • Author/Organization: Wisconsin Focus on Energy, University of Wisconsin Extension
      • Tailored to MN: No.
  • Pork Specific
    • Efficiencies for Cutting Building Costs
      • Summary: This document contains the slides from a power point presentation. The document contains useful advice for making farm buildings energy efficient. The document contains specific advice relating to hog operations.
      • PDF or Website: PDF
      • Published: 2005
      • Author/Organization: Iowa State University, Jay Harmon, Ph.D., P.E.
      • Tailored to MN: No.
    • Reducing Environmental Footprint of Swine Buildings
      • This document details an ongoing project at the University of Minnesota investigating how to design a swine facility that maximizes all efficiency technologies to make a “green” hog barn. Interesting and thorough preliminary report.
      • PDF or Website: PDF
      • Published: December 2009
      • Author/Organization: University of Minnesota, Larry Jacobson
      • Tailored to MN: Yes.
    • Saving Energy in Farrowing Rooms
      • Summary: Results of a 2008 study around using hovers for pig farrowing rooms in order to increase energy efficiency.
      • PDF or website: website
      • Published: 2010
      • Author/Organization: University of Minnesota-Extension, Larry D. Jacobson and Lee J. Johnston
      • Tailored to Minnesota: Yes
  • Poultry Specific
    • Energy Efficiency on Poultry Farms
      • Summary: Video tour of a poultry farm in Oklahoma. SUNUPTV host Clinton Griffiths talks with a poultry producer and OSU specialists about ways poultry producers can more efficiently heat their poultry houses to save fuel and improve profit.
        PDF or website: website
        Published: January 11, 2010
        Author/Organization: SUNUPTV
        Tailored to Minnesota: No
    • Energy Efficiency in Poultry House Lighting
      • Summary: This paper offers a good overview to assist electric cooperatives in providing energy efficient lighting options, specifically to poultry operations. The report covers chicken broiler houses, chicken pullet and laying houses, turkey houses, and more, enumerating cost effective methods, including rebates, loans, and grants to aid utilities and farmers in making changes in line with energy regulations. Also included are total cost analyses for lighting upgrades in several types of poultry operations.
      • PDF or website: PDF
      • Published: 2009
      • Author/Organization: Service Concepts
      • Tailored to Minnesota: No
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Minnesota Project Resource Center
 

Webinars:

Exploring Minnesota’s Farm Energy Efficiency Programming

This webinar, presented by The Minnesota Project and Stearns Electric Association, discusses the background of energy efficiency programming in Minnesota, how and why this programming came to be, and how farmers and equipment suppliers can best take advantage of energy efficiency rebate opportunities.

Click here to view the webinar Click here to view the Powerpoint presentation only
 
LED Poultry Lighting: Energy and Production Efficiency

This webinar, presented by The Minnesota Project and Once Innovations, discussed the basics of LED lighting technology, its potential impact on the energy efficiency industry, and specific applications in the poultry industry. Discussions surrounding poultry applications focused on energy efficiency gains possible with LED technology along with potential production gains producers could realize due to the dimming and color changing capabilities of the technology.

Click here to view the webinar Click here to view the Powerpoint presentation only

Copyright Notice

This presentation is sole property of Once Innovations, Inc. Data in this presentation is subject to copyright. No portion of this presentation may be reproduced in any manner, or published in whole or in part without the prior written consent of Once Innovations, Inc.

Once Innovations makes no representations as to the accuracy, completeness, or fairness of this presentation. So far as is permitted by law, no responsibility or liability whatsoever is accepted by Once Innovations for the accuracy or sufficiency thereof, or for any errors, omissions, or misstatements relating thereto.

 

More webinars will be posted as The Minnesota Project continues its work in farm energy efficiency.


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